OPEN EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES AND ADAPTATION PROCESS
FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE IN NIGERIA: THE CURRENT STATUS AND CONTROL EFFORTS
EFFECTS OF DIETARY EXPOSURE TO GRADED CONCENTRATIONS OF MIXTURES OF AFLATOXIN B1 AND FUMONISIN B1 ON GROWTH PERFORMANCE, HAEMATOLOGY AND SERUMBIOCHEMISTRY OF HETEROBRANCHUS LONGIFILIS CATFISH.
Rainfed field experiment was conducted in 2006 and repeated in 2007 at the Department of Agronomy, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria to determine the optimum plant population of egusi melon for weed control, weeding frequency and yield of the component crops in sweet corn and egusi melon intercrop. The treatments were cropping systems (sole and intercrop), egusi melon plant population (0; 10,000 and 20,000 plants/ha and weeding frequency (zero weeding, one weeding at· 3 weeks after planting (WAP) and two weeding at 3 and 8 WAP). The treatments were fitted in a 2 x 3 x 3 factorial. There were three replications. The results showed that intercropping !tad significant effect on growth, yield and yield components of sweet com and egusi melon in both cropping seasons. Higher egusi melon plant population /tad no significant effect on sweet corn grain yield but gave better egusi melon seed yield. Weeding frequency significantly (P
THE NIGERIAN ASSOCIATION OF MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS
One of the ecological factors essential to the growth and survival of tropical forest tree species is availability of light in terms of amount, quality and duration. The effects of direct light (DL), low light (LL) and medium light (ML) on seed germination and seedling growth of Terminalia superba were investigated. Seeds were soaked in water under ambient conditions for 24 h and sowed under the three light conditions. Germination occurred earlier at 13 days after sowing (DAS) under LL and DL but ML caused a delay till 15 DAS while germination was completed at 25, 29 and 33 DAS under LL, DL and ML respectively. The seedling height increased over the assessment period and varied significantly among the light conditions with LL producing the tallest plants. Mean collar diameter increased over the assessment period and was highest under LL except at week 12 but the values did not differ significantly from the other light conditions. The number of leaves increased and ranged between 7.11 and 15.56, 8 . 1 1 and 17.00 and 8.78 and 16.89 under DL, ML and LL respectively but the highest values under ML were similar to the other light conditions. The good germination and growth performance suggest that Terminalia superba would withstand shade at the early stage and can be incorporated into agroforestry and mixed plantation systems.
JOURNAL OF APPLIED AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH VOL 5 NUMBER 2
Journal of Agricultural Research And Development
International Journal of Management Science Vol 1, Num 1 2009
This work offers a glimpse into the world of youths in political leadership in Nigeria.
Political leadership around the world, at present, is almost returning to what it used to be in the past. Youths, the world over, are gradually working their ways up towards taking the leadership mantle. This is very visible in the western world at present with Africa also trying to take a prompt.fi-om them. The work similarly gives a shortlist of some of such young ·world leaders who, regardless of all the ordeals and inflexibilities attached to attaining such heights in the 1mrld of politics, still maintain their stance.
The Nigerian government and its initiatives to promote youths' involvement in governance and developmental structures, the challenges and prospects of youths'
involvement in political leadership in Nigeria are equally captured in this study.
The low level of political consciousness of the people was a major obstacle to their effective participation in the affairs of the country. It also provided good grounds for manipulation of the political process by politicians and the various segments of the elite in the society, who exploited the mass ignorance of the people to perpetrate all forms of political and economic frauds. This situation created a culture of helplessness, apathy, indifference about the happenings in the political arena in the country. Masses have been deliberately misinformed or even kept in the dark about crucial issues affecting their lives and basic rights. Most of them participated in elections and other programmes simply because they were asked to, not because they understood clearly the issues involved. They were drawn into many acrimonious disputes by politicians and made to participate in various electoral malpractices, thuggery and other vices. In the process, many of them lost their lives while the politicians engaged in massive and flagrant looting of the national treasury. This paper dwells on the influence of social studies and civic education in mobilizing citizens towards global citizenship and the problems hindering this mobilization.
MOBILIZING NIGERIANS TOWARDS GLOBAL CITIZENSHIP: THE ROLE OF SOCIAL STUDIES AND CIVIC EDUCATION.
The work on the role of Creative Arts in resocializing the youths against the act of terrorism was premised on the activities of terrorists and the untold pains and hardship they register in the lives of their victims. The functions and personality of an artist/ artiste were included in the course of the work. The inclusion of these further enhances the need for youths to prepare their minds as regard to what is expected of them by their instructors. Emphasis was also laid on identifying the contents and methodology for teaching Creative Arts in Nigerian junior secondary schools. The importance of multicultural education was also pointed out. Recommendations and available areas in Creative Arts that could be adopted in transforming the youths who remain easy tools in the hands of their sponsors were also mentioned.
This paper is primarily concerned with identifying those ways through which the family unit can be engaged in promoting its own survival and its possible use for the sustainable development of the society. The changes recorded around the issue of values are numerous and act as threats to the survival and stability of the family unit, hence there is the need to work out ways of promoting its survival. The major areas that have been identified in this paper are centered around values and mindset reorientation. Values, we know, are transmitted through multiple origins such as belief system, norms, interactions, customs, role playing, sanctions, language, socialization process etc. However, these values are presently misunderstood and practiced contrarily due to some environmental factors. The importance attached to developmental issues makes it necessary for these values to be revisited and be used as references for further building of a society that is obviously vulnerable to unimaginable vices of the society.